Faculty Meeting News and Notes: March 21, 2019

Brad Lancaster (L) and Kaoru Miyazawa presented on Asian students' experiences at Thursday's faculty meeting (Photos courtesy of Gettysburg College)

Brad Lancaster (L) and Kaoru Miyazawa presented on Asian students’ experiences at Thursday’s faculty meeting (Photos courtesy of Gettysburg College)

By Benjamin Pontz, Editor-in-Chief

As President Janet Morgan Riggs walked down the steps of Mara Auditorium into Thursday afternoon’s faculty meeting, she said, “We’re going to vote today.”

The faculty did just that, approving two motions that had been pending from previous meetings.

Online Courses Will Become Permanent Feature of College Curriculum

The most controversial item on the agenda was a motion from the Academic Program and Policy Committee to make online summer courses a permanent offering after three consecutive summers of pilot programs. Each department and program will decide what, if anything, to offer.

Discussion of the motion came on the heels of a presentation from Provost Chris Zappe that reminded faculty of a “looming demographic storm in the next decade” that will decrease by up to 15 percent the number of students attending college. He urged faculty to “think about how we respond to these challenges” pedagogically and technologically and noted that work towards adding a business major, a data science minor, and revamping the college’s core curriculum are each part of the puzzle.

From there, Riggs opened the floor, and several faculty members including Associate Professor of Psychology Chris Barlett and Assistant Professor of Music Theory William O’Hara, both of whom taught online courses in the pilot, as well as Associate Professor and Chair of Mathematics Ben Kennedy and Assistant Professor of Art & Art History Tina Gebhart, who did not, expressed their support for the motion.

Other faculty members, however, raised concerns.

Professor of Economics and Chair of Public Policy Char Weise expressed disappointment that what he called “basic questions” about how many students would enroll and what the revenue effect for the college would be had gone unanswered.

Associate Professor of Africana Studies and Chair of History Scott Hancock said, “I like new stuff,” but noted that he was “bothered by the intellectual process” at hand in the presentation of the issue, noting a statement at the March 7 faculty meeting from Vice Provost Jack Ryan that, if the faculty voted down the motion, that would end consideration of online courses.

Ryan responded that he was referring to this iteration of the proposal and that while, in the future, a new proposal could come forth, those who had worked to develop this one would not continue to expend effort on it if the faculty did not express their support for the proposed curricular revision.

APPC Chair and Professor of Psychology Brian Meier added, “It’ll be coming back one way or another.”

As it turned out, it would not need to. The faculty voted 83-43 with five abstentions to approve the motion, and, as such, online courses will begin to be offered as soon as this summer. Earlier in March, Registrar Brian Reese said that he was planning for student enrollment to begin Wednesday, April 24, one week after rising sophomores pre-register for fall semester courses.

Meier said after the vote that he was happy with the outcome.

“Many members of our community have been working on this program for the past three years and it’s good to see the faculty support it with a ‘yes’ vote,” he said. “I understand that faculty have concerns about the program. The APPC will monitor the program and determine if those concerns are justified. My time on APPC has allowed me to learn that many students could benefit from this program because they are double majoring, need extra room in the schedules, need to make up a class because of a health issue, etc. The summer online course program is a student service that could help them reach their academic goals and it involves faculty who want to challenge themselves to learn how to teach in a different way. That’s exciting to me on both fronts!”

Not all faculty were as supportive. One junior faculty member who asked not to be named due to an upcoming tenure case objected both to the concept of online courses and the framing of them as “hybrid” instruction, which, at a previous faculty meeting, Barlett said was because they included synchronous, interactive instruction rather than simply pre-packaged modules.

“The ‘hybrid’ designation is a misnomer—and a deceptive one at that,” this junior faculty member said. “These are nothing more than online courses offered only during the summer months.  Incorporating audio and video doesn’t somehow transform online courses into something more academically rigorous. Faculty can better serve their students by devoting their time and effort toward helping their advisees secure meaningful summer internships from which students gain material experience and increase their marketability post-graduation.  By and large, online courses are intellectually bankrupt and anathema to highly selective liberal arts institutions such as Gettysburg College.”

The End of Paper Course Evaluations

The other action item on the agenda was a motion to move all end-of-semester student course evaluations to the Campus Mobile system, ending the use of paper or CNAV for the evaluations. Associate Professor and Chair of Computer Science Clif Presser presented the motion on behalf of the Chairpersons Council and noted that three years of successful pilots convinced his technology subcommittee that the benefits of moving evaluations to the online system — particularly the legibility of student feedback and the ability to better anonymize it as well as the elimination of the need for department administrative assistants to transcribe and compile evaluation data — outweighed any downsides. The information technology division would provide digital devices during the evaluation period to students who do not have them. The motion passed 114-11 with two abstentions.

President’s Report: A new dorm building, outsourcing the bookstore, and 2019-20 tuition

Riggs opened her report by noting that “not many faculty came” to her town hall meeting earlier in the day at which she gave a more detailed overview of the college’s financial standing and said she would not fully rehash that presentation at this meeting.

She did note that tuition for the 2019-20 academic year would be $69,850. She described the tuition figure as “breathtaking.”

Overall, though, the college anticipates tuition revenue to remain relatively flat.

Referring to the college’s recent round of budget cuts that have been framed as the “sustainable excellence” program, Riggs said, “It’s that work that has allowed us to maintain a strong financial position.”

She described sustainable excellence as an ongoing process, and, as evidence, noted that she anticipates the college will outsource the college bookstore, which is currently run in-house, to a third party.

“We cannot continue to provide affordable course materials and excellent service without losing money,” she said.

While the decision has not been finalized, Riggs said she would make one before retiring at the end of June, and that an outsourcing process to begin this summer “is the likely outcome.”

The other major component of her report was the announcement of the college’s intent to build a new first-year residence hall, something she described as an “emerging priority.”

“Our residence halls are becoming a liability in terms of attracting students,” Riggs said.

The college would construct a new residence hall first and move first-year students there as other residence halls are renovated. The needed renovations, she said, particularly in West Quad first-year buildings, are more than what can be completed in the summer. After all buildings are renovated, the new building would allow the college to reduce residential density.

Report on Asian Student Experiences

Director of International Student Services Brad Lancaster and Associate Professor of Education Kaoru Miyazawa presented findings from work they have undertaken over the past two years to better understand the experiences of both Asian-American students and Asian international students on campus.

Miyazawa, who co-advises the Asian Student Alliance (ASA), explained that the research drew on data from the college’s landmark 2016 Campus Climate Study and learned more via a series of focus groups. Based on the climate study data, she and Lancaster decided to focus specifically on Asian-American students in follow-up focus groups as those students reported feeling the least valued by faculty in the classroom of any sub-group in the climate study.

The research, Miyazawa said, identified several concerns of Asian-American students including:

  • Confusion with international students
  • Lack of courses and faculty with expertise in Asian-American studies
  • Lack of connection between ASA and the East Asian Studies program
  • Lack of strong support from the Office of Multicultural Engagement (OME)

Since the research began, however, Miyazawa said that ASA and OME have enhanced their collaboration (one manifestation of which is that Executive Director of Multicultural Engagement Darrien Davenport is now the co-advisor to ASA). Additionally, Lancaster noted that the English department has hired a specialist in Asian-American literature, Assistant Professor and Mellon Faculty Fellow Kalyan Nadiminti.

The faculty has three more scheduled meetings this academic year. The next is on Thursday, April 4.

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Author: Benjamin Pontz

Benjamin Pontz '20 served as Editor-in-Chief of The Gettysburgian from 2018 until 2020, Managing News Editor from 2017 until 2018, News Editor in the spring of 2017, and Staff Writer during the fall of 2016. During his tenure, he wrote 232 articles. He led teams that won two first place Keystone Press Awards for ongoing news coverage (once of Bob Garthwait's resignation, and the other of Robert Spencer's visit to campus) and was part of the team that wrote a first-place trio of editorials in 2018. He also received recognition for a music review he wrote in 2019. A political science and public policy major with a music minor, he graduated in May of 2020 and will pursue a master's degree in public policy on a Fulbright Scholarship at the University of Manchester before enrolling in law school.

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