Campus Conversation Probes Path Forward After Garthwait Photo

Students, faculty, and administration gathered in Mara Auditorium to discuss the recent yearbook photo of Bob Garthwait (Photo Mary Frasier/The Gettysburgian)

Students, faculty, and administration gathered in Mara Auditorium to discuss the recent yearbook photo of Bob Garthwait (Photo Mary Frasier/The Gettysburgian)

By Benjamin Pontz, Editor-in-Chief

“I think the further we go, the more layers of complexity emerge, and the more we’re learning about our campus today.”

This was President Janet Morgan Riggs’ preliminary takeaway from an hour-long conversation in which numerous students shared raw, impassioned statements about their experiences as members of the Gettysburg College community. In an interview directly following the event, Riggs said that she needed time for further reflection before she could determine what the college’s next step would be.

More than 300 students, faculty, and staff members answered Riggs’ invitation to join in dialogue, and they filled Mara Auditorium well beyond its seated capacity Thursday morning. About 20 more watched a live stream in an adjacent room as members of the campus community discussed moving forward after a photo of Bob Garthwait in the 1980 edition of the college’s yearbook came to light, leading to his swift resignation from the Board of Trustees.

Riggs opened the conversation by stating that she had received more than 300 messages about the issue, many of which were personally disparaging or rested on misconceptions about what had happened, but that the most thoughtful conversations in which she had participated came on campus, which gave her confidence that the ensuing discourse would be fruitful.

The event began with reflections from a panel of three faculty members: Dr. Steven Gimbel, Professor of Philosophy, Dr. Scott Hancock, Chair of the History Department and Associate Professor of History and Africana Studies, and Dr. Dina Lowy, Associate Professor of History.

Gimbel, who teaches a course on the philosophy of humor, began his remarks with a caution against suppressing one’s feelings to join a false consensus for the sake of community, and then he proceeded to discuss a scene from Mel Brooks’ musical comedy The Producers as evidence that it is possible, in his view, to dress up like Nazis as part of a legitimate joke. In the scene, dancers dressed as Nazi officers and marched in the shape of a swastika. He described it as “uproariously funny” and asserted it was “one of the most important scenes in Jewish cinematic history” because of “what that joke meant … to look Hitler right in the eye and say, ‘You tried to kill us. We’re still here. We’re mocking you.'”

From there, Gimbel questioned what the joke from the Hogan’s Heroes fraternity party in 1979 meant and offered that answering that question requires ascertaining the context of who made the joke, to whom they made it, and what they meant by it. By way of that context, he asserted that, at Gettysburg, the Hebrew language is not offered, the faculty rejected adding a Judaic studies program three times before finally doing so after a donor came forward to fund it, and there have not been any Jewish administrators in the academic division in his 25 years at the college.

“I’m not saying our community is overtly anti-Semitic, but these examples — and there are others — speak to the erasure of Judaism,” he said. “It speaks to why so many Jews at Gettysburg know that they are not fully part of the community … and it is from this place of alienation that we make meaning of this photograph.”

More important than Bob Garthwait, Gimbel argued, is the community’s posture towards Judaism.

“This is not about a yearbook. This is not about Bob Garthwait,” he said. “This is about our community, and the choice it’s made about the place of Jewish members within that community.”

Hancock then asserted his belief, which he discussed before the event with members of the Black Student Union, that this photo represents only one piece of a history that includes several photos of students wearing blackface in other editions of the yearbook as well as numerous parties and events that have not been documented in such official ways. Taken in tandem, these elements suggest to Hancock that the college has been complicit in propagating systemic racism and bigotry for decades before and in the decades since the photo.

He proceeded to juxtapose the consequences when Garthwait — a wealthy white man —  and people with less societal power — particularly people of color — “act a fool,” noting that the consequences for Garthwait are reputational, whereas many people of color land in jail and have permanent criminal records.

Hancock closed by asserting the need for what he called “restorative justice,” suggesting that individuals like Garthwait should donate their time and money towards work that is “explicitly anti-racist.”

“Instead of worrying about the possible harm to Gettysburg’s reputation,” he said, “let’s see this as an opportunity. Let’s see the Garthwait Center — or whatever it may be called in the future — develop and implement an explicitly anti-racist campaign that is not just about heightening awareness but also figures out how to make a material difference in dismantling whiteness and creating real opportunities for equity.”

He suggested that fully funding an institute for peace and justice studies might be one step in that direction.

Lowy, the final panelist, shared her reactions to the past week’s events, specifically towards the initial announcement of the photo and Garthwait’s resignation.

“I felt the resignation was quick and possibly unnecessary. I felt that I was being told, as a Jew, that I should be outraged by the photo. Instead, I felt uncomfortable judging a person I did not know by one 39-year old photo taken at a fraternity party. I felt that I wanted more information,” she said. “As a Jew, I worried that this attempt to address anti-Semitism would instead backfire, that Jews would be blamed for overreacting, for being too sensitive, for bringing down a good man. And, sadly, I was right to worry.”

She asked that people react to the circumstances at hand with intelligence and compassion and to lean into conversations that make them uncomfortable.

Dean of Students Julie Ramsey, who moderated the conversation, then invited participation from those gathered. In all, nine students and one professor spoke, and comments probed both how the campus should respond to this particular situation as well as, more broadly, the daily experience of minority groups on campus.

Anna Perry ’21, a transgender student, said that people from marginalized groups are tired of expending free labor educating other people about how to acknowledge their humanity.

“We’re all so tired of accommodating white men, and I have had to do that since the very first day I came here,” Perry said. “The expectation is that I learn how to deal with them rather than they learn how to be human beings. I’m just sick of that, and I know a lot of people in this room are.”

Angelique Acevedo ’19 asked that the college consider how to better integrate peace and justice studies across the college curriculum.

“Gettysburg College claims that they want to make a diverse and inclusive environment,” she said, “and I believe that it would be best done through studying peace and justice.”

Responding both to Hancock and Acevedo, Riggs said after the event she is interested in hearing more about either expanding peace and justice studies as a program or better integrating it across the college, but she noted that the curriculum is ultimately in the hands of the faculty such that efforts would need to start there.

The next several minutes of dialogue centered on how the college should approach the Garthwait photo in particular and how the conversation likely would have been different if it had not been a prominent alumnus and donor in the photo.

Hassan Williams ‘22 described the incident as “a pause” for himself.

“What are the things that I’m doing in my life currently that are obviously not okay? I want to check that for myself. What are the things that could follow me in my life? I want to check that as well,” he said.

The final student to speak was Jordan Knox ’21, who noted that her parents taught her from a young age that what she did reflected not only on her, but on her family and on black people as a whole.

“Something that is really frustrating me about this situation is that this person gets to be seen as an individual who has made an individual mistake, but, as a person of color in this country, anything that I do, no matter how small, could change — ruin — my entire life. I don’t get to be an individual. I have to represent all the other black people who look like me and who live on this planet and live on this campus,” she said. “I think it’s frustrating that he gets to be an individual and he gets to make mistakes, and we have to feel bad for him. I’m so sorry that maybe his life is going to change now and people are going to view him negatively.”

She went on to discuss how, as an African-American woman at a majority-white college, she is always aware of the way she presents and conducts herself.

“I think that you need to think about what you do. For some people on this campus, that reality is just so much more real. If you’re a person of color, you’re very aware of what you do,” she said. “The first step you need to take is to realize that what you do affects people, it hurts people, it touches people. You don’t just represent yourself; you represent everybody.”

College chaplain and Associate Dean of Religious & Spiritual Life Dr. Kristin Largen closed the event by encouraging everyone to continue to engage in challenging conversations and to intentionally listen to others.

She drew on the writing of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a Lutheran pastor in Nazi Germany who was hanged after participating in a plot to kill Adolf Hitler, who argued that attending to the inclusion of the marginalized and vulnerable members of a community can be an antidote the self-absorption that can come from being in a majority.

“The beginning of showing love for others is listening to them,” Largen quoted Bonhoeffer as saying.

As a final benediction, Largen implored those present to continue the conversation.

“Today and in the days to come, may we be support for one another when the load is heavy,” she said. “May we be light for one another when the way is dim. And may we be loyal companions to one another as we walk into tomorrow.”

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Author: Benjamin Pontz

Benjamin Pontz '20 served as Editor-in-Chief of The Gettysburgian from 2018 until 2020, Managing News Editor from 2017 until 2018, News Editor in the spring of 2017, and Staff Writer during the fall of 2016. During his tenure, he wrote 232 articles. He led teams that won two first place Keystone Press Awards for ongoing news coverage (once of Bob Garthwait's resignation, and the other of Robert Spencer's visit to campus) and was part of the team that wrote a first-place trio of editorials in 2018. He also received recognition for a music review he wrote in 2019. A political science and public policy major with a music minor, he graduated in May of 2020 and will pursue a master's degree in public policy on a Fulbright Scholarship at the University of Manchester before enrolling in law school.

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  1. Gee, this sounded like a real BALANCED panel. Every self-proclaimed victim got to speak. My personal favorite is Dr. Gimbel, who makes it sound like Jews are somehow powerless. REALLY? Jews dominate in media, pop culture, academia, financial institutions, etc. The two most powerful newspapers in the country–the NY Times and Washington Post–are run by Jews. CNN is run by Jeff Zucker. Is this guy for real? He complains that Gettysburg doesn’t offer courses in the Hebrew language!!! Perhaps they don’t offer Hebrew lessons for the same reason the college doesn’t hold courses in Navajo or Eskimo. THERE’S VERY LITTLE DEMAND FOR IT. This is the same for “African-American studies” and “gender studies.” They are worthless degrees that colleges are forced to include because of pressure from leftists. How about getting a degree in business? History? Economics? No, no, we need a “Judaic studies” program! That’s the ticket for success!
    As a Jew, I can’t believe what our country is coming to, and how hypersensitive these young people are. We have hypersensitive students being “outraged” by a photo of a guy dressing up like a character on a show that specifically mocked the Nazis. And we have leftist “professors” who preen on and on about being victims of this or that. Oh, and throw in the “transgender” student who has just been oh so marginalized. The inmates are running asylum.
    The alumni of Gettysburg should rally right now. We need to purge this college of these goofs. If I have to hear about “white men” this and “white men” that one more time, I’m going to scream. We should withhold all donations until we restore the college to normalcy.

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    • Thank you Sam for everything you said. As parents of a current student we found your comments amusing and sadly very true! When are colleges going to stand up and say no to the students and faculty who are just looking for things to be aggrieved about?! And what does the professor mean when he mentions dismantling whiteness? And the college is only hurting themselves when they speak of their supposed racist environment because that is just going to cause less racial diversity in the coming years when students will be hesitant to apply. The only one on the
      panel they mention to be
      Jewish is the only one who made any sense.

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    • I am a student at Gettysburg College, and I really do not understand why you have to be so critical about what students decide to major in. We have an economics major, we have a history major, we have an OMS major, we have a biology major, and we also have an Africana Studies major among other things. Let students major in what they are passionate about, there is no need to judge their decisions. I would also like to say that these majors and minors that you are mentioning are not useless, and you would know that if you majored or minored in them. What I am trying to say is, let students study what they are passionate about and stop judging those decisions, and judging those who speak up.

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      • Anonymous student: I am not being critical as to what students are majoring in. As someone who is probably 30 years or more older than you, allow me to expand upon my post. Up until the 80s, most colleges emphasized a liberal arts education. The purpose was to make students well-rounded in topics such as western civilization, history, literature, etc. “Liberals” were mostly concerned with free speech, as many colleges were run by 1950s traditionalists. Unfortunately, in the mid-80s the leftists started to gain power in universities. The PC movement was born, and “identity politics” followed shortly thereafter. The politicization of the college campus–specifically by leftists–has completely rerouted the traditional purpose of college from producing well-rounded students to instituting a distinctly left-wing agenda. Hence the birth of “gender studies,” “LGBTQ studies,” African-American studies,” “Hispanic studies,” etc. Before the mid-80s, colleges sought to integrate students of diverse backgrounds;
        after that time, colleges have caused campus segregation.
        In point of fact, these are WORTHLESS degrees in the PRIVATE SECTOR. Imagine going into a job interview with any private employer and disclosing that you majored in “Judaic studies.” or “African studies.” The employer would laugh at you. So how do we employ all the students who major in these subjects? Oh, yes, we pressure colleges all around the country to implement a “gender studies” program or a “LGBTQ studies” program,etc. or we will occupy the Dean’s Office.
        To be clear, I am not saying that students shouldn’t have the opportunity to major in “African studies” or “gender studies” or other similar subjects. Just like students should be able to major in “1920s cinema (offered at UCLA),” “Irish-American studies(offered at Boston College),” “Amish studies(offered in-state at a few colleges),” “Dust Bowl studies(offered at Oklahoma U.),” etc. My point is that these majors could be made available at 3 or 4 colleges in the ENTIRE COUNTRY and that would meet the TRUE demand for these majors. I’m not trying to offend you, but teenagers make dumb decisions, and 18 year-olds who sign up for these WORTHLESS degrees are making dumb decisions, and the college should NOT offer these majors in the first place. For students reading this post and who are taking one of these WORTHLESS degrees, I strongly suggest you reconsider. It’s not fun coming out of college having no job offers and being 150k in debt with student loans.

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  2. So a meeting to discuss what many viewed as the manifest injustice perpetrated on Bob Garthwait fizzles down into an earnest promise by the soon to be ex-President to double up on “peace and justice” courses? What about justice for Garthwait, who has poured time, treasure and love into this College, only to be knifed by the administration at the first inconvenient moment? And what about the rigidly Stalinist mindset of individuals like Scott Hancock, the History Department chair-with his assault on Bob apparently because-gasp-he’s a “wealthy white man.” But that’s okay, because Bob can purge this sin by engaging in “restorative justice” efforts. The collective identity based grievance ideology, identical in structure to the Lost Cause mythology of the Confederacy, rolls on. And if real people like Bob Garthwait get run over, hey, let’s just “move on.” It is, after all, a “teachable moment.”

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